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BBC World News

News/Business. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)

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PBS

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00:30:00

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Annapolis, MD, USA

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Channel 78 (549 MHz)

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mpeg2video

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ac3

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704

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480

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Japan 5, Taiwan 4, China 4, Sendai City 3, Us 3, Europe 2, Tokyo 2, Stowe 2, Mrs. Merckel 2, Newman 2, Gaddafi 2, Vermont 2, John D. 2, Catherine T. Macarthur 2, Bbc News 2, Asia 2, India 2, Honolulu 2, Washington 2, France 2,
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  PBS    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    March 14, 2011
    5:00 - 5:30am EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. from small businesses to major
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corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> a second explosion at the damaged fukushima at -- power plant and 11 people are injuried. japan offers assurances that risks remain low. tens of thousands of people are still missing amidst the race of trying to find loved ones. >> hello and welcome. also in this program, japan's stocks tumble. they take emergency action by pouring in cash to the market.
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>> japan's nuclear crisis appears to be deepening. in the last few hours, there has been a second explosion at the fukushima nuclear plant. speaking in the last hour, japan's cabinet secretary said the risk of today's explosion caused an uncontrolable leak of radiation is low. but the u.s. said it had moved away from the area after one of its aircraft carriers detected low-level radiation 160 kilometers off shore. tens of thousands of people have been evacuated from the area. let's go to my correspondent who is in japan in the sendai area with all the very latest. >> hello to you.
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you join me on the outskirts of sendai city. this main wall behind me is where the wall of tsunami, sea water, washed up about a half a mile from the harbor down in the distance up to this point here. throughout the day, this whole area which had been littered with cars, debris that had been tossed around by that tsunami water. the authorities have been busy trying to clear this area trying to get things moving again along this highway into sendai city. you mentioned the nuclear plants the -- and the people here are very, very concerned about that. people wanting iodine tablets to counter the possibility of radiation in the air. every few seconds the ground beneath your feet starts to
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shift and you feel an aftershock or tremor. so there is a lot of panic in people's eyes and a lot of concern as well. let's hear the latest from across the eastern area of japan. >> another explosion hits the fukushima nuclear power plant. a number of people have been killed or injured at building reactor number 3. it had been under watch after the number 1 reactor building and the cooling sector in number 2 has now failed. japan's chief secretary insists the chance of contamination is small. >> there is low possibility that the amounts of massive radiation have been leaked. it is similar to the time when hydrogen explosion took place in
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number 1 reactor. >> those still inside the 13-mile evacuation zone in the fukushima area have been warned to stay in doors. the explosion comes as a setback to a country whose rescue services are battling to deal with the aftermath of friday's earthquake. in one of the three hardest hit states in the northeast of the country there are reports of about 2,000 bodies being washed up on the shore. destruction also in northeast japan. survivors salvaging what little they can from their shattered homes. this is a lot to ask in a consumer friday that -- in a country that only today faced another tsunami warning. retreats of a large wave, a phenomenon that occurs before tsunamis, started in certain cities. the threat proved to be a false
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alample. -- false alarm. a strong tremor struck tokyo. experts say there is a chance another powerful earthquake will strike by thursday. >> it is a whole swathe of japan that has been affected. half a mile, quarter of a mile that way, and then the tsunami that, of course, wiped out communications and of course swept before it so much of the landescape of this part of japan. f let's hear from allistar who reports from one hour north of here. >> every village we get to shows more evidence of the earthquake
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and the damage from the tsunami. it is about a mile from the sea. the tsunami swept here and destroyed everything in its path. there is one building still standing here. what is significant is that the top floor has been washed out by the water. the windows are all flooded. the water must have been at that height when it reached this point. that's probably 25 meters. imagine a wall of water moving up this valley in that way. we swing to this side, you see some of the houses that were in the lower areas that have been picked up and dragged and piled up all together in one corner just to get into the trees there. again, a sense of the power of the water had. look up the hill and get a sense of the overview looking toward the ocean. it is windy, but you get a sense how much the damage has been, how much was caused as the wave came from the ocean and swept
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up. the houses at front took the full force of it. amazing those are still standing given the height and the power of the wave. just in front of us is where the hospital, was -- where the hospital was. this is what is left of it. they have a good warning system here. when the earthquake hit, it was a long earthquake, and then there were announcements saying people should get on the high ground. they had 15, 20 minutes. it is hard to know how many people were able to get up in a position to be able to protect themselves. at the moment work is going on. it is recovery. it is clearing paths and roads. there is no chance of finding anyone alive. the nights are so cold here. no one would have been able to survive. as we swing around a bit further, you can see that building that we saw from further down below. to the right of that, a road which goes up and continues further along the coastline.
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every village we have come to here, we have seen this kind of damage. we're going to continue a trip further north to get a sense of how many more places have been affected in this way. >> there is something like 100,000 army personnel involved in the relief operation. add to that, 250,000 emergency personnel workers. you can see why the prime minister can see that the disaster that's befallen this part of japan is probably the worst since the second world war. let's get a picture of east of opposition hill from jenny hill. >> so much lost, so much destruction, and in this coastal town, so many people are still looking for their loved ones. this woman was reunited with her
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daughter this morning, but her son is still missing. >> i believe he is still coming back. >> everywhere you go, you see shoulders. around 100,000 of the japanese military are trying to sort this out. they have closed many highways in this particular area. the trouble is, they are working in extremely difficult circumstances. so much of this area has been destroyed. as rescue teams go in, they are having to contend with strong aftershocks. there was what turned out to be a false warning of a second large tsunami hitting this coastline. it is not just official organizations. this man and his friends are searching for survivors. the people we met here can't stay. some told us they are sleeping in a supermarket. they know they are the lucky ones. it is thought 10,000 people may have died in this prefecture alone. >> jenny hill reporting there.
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mentioning that suggestion that around 10,000 people may have died just in that one yir where she was. -- area where she was. the official death toll is around 1,700 people have died. everyone expects that figure to rise. on the ground here in sendai city people are concerned about fuel shortages, petrol shortages, electricity problems. we understand there will be a rationing of electricity. there will be cutoffs for about four hours a day because of cutoffs with nuclear plants. there is also concern about radiation potential of leaks from those nuclear plants that have experienced problems. talking to people here, they get across to you that they are a stoic people, they are a resilient people. they will rise from this. we all know what japan went through during the second world war and managed to claw its way
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back to becoming one of the most economically prosperous countries on the planet. this is a huge disaster, a massive disaster, and easily the worst earthquake and tsunami this country has faced over the last 100 years. people on the street here, yes, they are concerned, yes they are worried, but they are con vipsed they can rise from this -- they are convinced they can rise from this and recover. >> live there from japan. just one individual's story in that last report. so upsetting that that will be repeated over and over again in the coming days. >> if you take electricity cuts, problems with the drinking water, you have the aftershocks, which means a lot of factories not operating. you have car factories. even beer factories can't make production because of the water, and japan relies on its export
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so it can't make the things it wants to export. the other issue is even if it could make them, we don't know if the ports are running. we have reports that six of the main ports are closed. even if the ports can reopen and ships can come in, we don't know if there is the infrastructure that will take the goods they have made to put them on the ship to export them as well. the bank of japan has already injected 15 trillion yen into the economy today. it is doing everything it can to ensure there is enough liquidity, enough cash in the markets to keep the economy running and to ensure investors. we have seen the nikkei drop around 633 points, and that has translated into the european markets. those markets are down this morning. having said that, japan is the world's third largest economy and it has the strength to
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recover. >> when you look at the pictures, this is a developed country, not like haiti or -- >> that's right. the problem is if there is a problem at the nuclear site. that will add another problem into the mix. >> you are watching bbc.com/news -- bbc world news. as japan is concerned about the fukushima power plant, europe has its own concerns. helen forks looks at china's efforts to help japan despite their often difficult relationship. >> china said it is stretching out a helping hand to japan. a team of 15 rescuers arrived in tokyo on a specially chartered flight to assist survivors. they came with four tons of
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equipment. >> we have been closely following developments and have decided on some of our plans already, this rescuer says. we will also get guidance in command from the chinese embassy and consulates in japan. this move by china comes months after a bitter territory torle dispute between asia's -- territorial dispute between asia's two largest economies and simmering tensions. china involves a massive relief effort involving 1,000 troops and relief workers. it is a dangerous operation with rescuers being hampered by fires, continuing aftershocks, and tsunami alerts. some areas remain unreachable. as for searching for the missing, humanitarian aid has also been sent. india has sent planeloads of blank etc.
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pakistan has offered all sorts of assistance, including field officers, and sri lanka has also offered assistance. this team of taiwan -- from taiwan. taiwan has also been asked to send clothing, generators and food. with japan facing its worst crisis since the second world war, more teams are on standby. helen forks, bbc news. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines for you. a second explosion at the fukushima nuclear power plant injuries 11 people. with 10's of thousands of people still missing with many remote villages cutoff. >> of course we have been hearing about the huge international relief efforts in japan.
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the united states and the united kingdom and taiwan have all sent search and rescue teams to the worst-affected areas. india and pakistan also pledging to help. american teams arriving in japan are now helping with the search for survivors. jane reports from washington. >> the magnitude of this daft ser still hard to grass -- disaster is still hard to grasp. tens of thousands of people still missing and thousands more without heat. japan said it needs all the help it can get, and an international relief effort is already underway. with roads destroyed, much will depend on ships and aircraft to reach the affected regions. helicopters are flying in aid and will be used to deliver supplies to camps in stricken areas. other american warships are on
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the way or standing by. at the request of the japanese government, seasonned rescue teams from california and virginia arrived on sunday with tracker dogs to help search for survivors. their last international deployment was a year ago in the aftermath of the haiti earthquake. the 5-person unit con sifts of doctors -- the 75-person unit includes doctors and has enough supplies to make them self-sufficient. small charities are calling for the millions of dollars that will be needed in the months and years ahead. jane o'brien, bbc news, washington. >> the germany chancellor, angela merckel said safety at all germany's nuclear plants will be reviewed. she spoke in germany.
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there was a similar protest in france. the ausetri -- austrian environment minister is calling for inspections. how events in japan could affect the whole nuclear debate. i spoke to steven evans in berlin, and he said chancellor merckel had caused controversy when she chose to extend the life of the country's nuclear power stations. >> it was a contentious and fractious debate. she pushed it through. that debate is being completely reopened. there was an anti-nuclear protest in the southwest of the country on saturday. hard core demonstrators are expected. tens of thousands of people turned up. mrs. merckel said we looked closely at the safety standards in all our nuclear power stations. i expect her to say, look, europe is not an earthquake
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zone. we are satisfied with safety standards. but you can't deny the fact that the debate has changed here in germany and in france where 75% of the country's comes from nuclear power. >> one always presumes safety is an absolute priority in nuclear power wherever it is. what are governments going to be doing that is new now? >> safety is an absolute priority in the industry. you also have to make calculations of costs, benefits, and risks. remember, one of the most sophisticated nuclear industries in the world is in japan. so what this must presumably do is cause a recalculation of assessment of risk. on top of that, you can't discount public perceptions in the political calculation. mrs. merckel faces a big
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election in two week's time, and the greens have been making big ground there. it is her malnatural territory. well, there is no way in which, it seems to me anyway, the events in japan can increase her chances of keeping her party in power in that election. >> steve he have yeps in berlin. >> opposition forces have been losing ground for days. it is not clear where the report is. >> colonel muammar gaddafi forces are on the move in eastern libya. with their superior fire power, they push east. there are reports that
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opposition has retaken part of the oil town of brega. at a news conference in in benga zi, they conceded they will little answer to the libyan air force jets now pounding them. until three weeks ago, this general was colonel gaddafi's interior minister. now he's in charge of battling the government's military machine. >> the problem is, we are bombarded. planes started attacking us on the way up and back. >> this man lost a hand after he
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was caught in a strike in brega. the soldier treating him had one message. >> it is a no-fly zone. the no-fly zone will decrease the number of people injured or killed. >> most of the people we're seeing here are caught up in air attacks. as they get closer to this major city, there is a possibility of more major casualties, particularly in colonel gaddafi continues unchecked. will he attack on bengazi? it would be a battle far bloodier than anything seen in this conflict. >> back to events in japan. you represent the industry,
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don't you? >> yes. >> what's your view of the safety risk in japan at the moment? >> i think that it's -- the worst is past, and the safety, i think, is reasonably assured of those three reactors. but there are big challenges there. particularly on friday, getting the cooling going after the power went off, because the tsunami swamped the back-up generators, and obviously there have been things happening. there have been two hydrogen explosions because the water level wasn't maintained in those reactors. there is concern about the third reactor. it is a continuing challenge just to keep enough water in the reactors. >> people are concerned the back-up generators didn't worbling -- work. >> well, they did work, but then they got swamped by the tsunami. the plant had been designed of a
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maximum tsunami of 6.3 meters and they got a 10 meter one. it is quite unprecedented. >> we have seen incidence of tsunamis increase throughout the years. people around the world are building in tsunami-risk areas will have to think again. >> well, i'm sure they will adjust the criteria, but i don't think they will stop building nuclear power plants. they will build them a bit higher up. in the light of the new criteria. >> so what can we do now with all the existing nuclear power plants that have been built to withstand a certain level of risk, if the risks are withstanding. can they be made safer? >> they are quite safer now. the point is, they shut down automatically if there is earthquake or ground acceleration beyond a certain level. >> there is still real risk of a
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real problem in japan still. >> the operators of the power plant are reasonably on top of it. they are still there. they are right on the scene. they have not been evacuated. they are at the power plants. they are running the things. they understand them much more thoroughly than the authorities and the government. they are grappling with the situation. they will show full safety with these plants. there are real concerns. the government has acted conservatively in ordering the evacuations. >> thank you very much for coming in. thank you. >> main news again, reports from japan that the cooling system for a third reactor at the fukushima nuclear plant has failed raising fears of another explosion. there is much more at the web
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site bbc.com/news. all the latest on that emergency crisis. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe and click-to-play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a
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wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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